Acne i.e. Acne vulgaris, commonly known as a pimple, can exist in various parts of the skin. It can be seen as skin coloured bumps, blackheads, whiteheads, pus filled nodules, or perhaps as deeper cysts.
Acne can either be non-inflammatory or inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both, and they mostly affect the face but can also be present on the back and chest areas.
Acne predominantly involves blockage and/or inflammation of hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous (oil) glands.
Hyperpigmentation is seen as dark spots on the face. This can be due to many reasons: post-acne or any other inflammation, melasma, freckles, etc.
The cause of the pigmentation must be diagnosed and treated accordingly
In women, hair fall is commonly seen as the widening of the middle hair parting, or when the scalp is visible from the sides of the temple, in case the hair is being pulled due to tight hairstyles.
In men, hair fall is commonly familial and is visible at the sides of the hair, or as a receding hairline.
Treatment, both in men and in women, must be started as soon as possible, for best results.
Flaking of the scalp can be due to many conditions – pityriasis sicca, seborrheic dermatitis, scalp psoriasis, fungal infections.
The causative condition must be diagnosed and treated accordingly.
Wrinkles are seen in the areas where a person is most expressive, and they occur due to repeated expressions, and due to age. The most common areas are forehead, around the eyes, and between eyebrows. The best treatment is preventative, with the right skincare routine